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Ozark Native Medicinal Herbs

The Ozark Mountains is an area rich in plant diversity. The Native Americans and early settlers usednative plants for medicine. Some of these are used today.


American Beautyberry (pink) Callicarpa americana Sun/Part Shade North American Indian tribes used the leaves and roots in sweat baths for treatment of malaria, rheumatism and fevers.

Elderberry Sambucus canadensis Sun/Part Shade Berries are made into jelly and wine. Berries and flowers are only part of the plant not poisonous. Wine used as a flu remedy

Anise Hyssop Agastache foeniculum Sun/Part Shade Leaves are used for colds and flu.

Black Cohosh Cimicifuga racemosa Part Sun/Shade Used for nervous disorders and for pain.

Black Raspberry Rubus occidentalis Sun/Part Shade An ozark remedy for stoch ache, or intestinal problems. Leaves and berries make a tasty tea.

Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis Shade/Part ShadeUsed to induce vomiting.

Blue Sage Salvia azurea Part Sun/Part Shade Used as a tea drunk hot or cold. Reduces mucus from lunga nd sinus.

Blue Wild Indigo Baptisia australis Sun/Part Sun Used for upper respitory infections.

Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Sun/Part Shade An infusion used for colds flu and rheumatism.

Pleurisy Root Asclepias tuberosa Sun/Part Sun Toxic in large doses. Used to purge the body.

Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Sun/Part Shade Root tea used forstomach trouble. Leaf tea is used for pain

Coneflower or Echinacea Echinacea purpurea Sun/Part Sun Used to boost immunity

Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum Sun/Part Sun Treatment for constipation

Downy Skullcap Scutellaria incana Part Sun/Part Shade Dried leaves and flowers used as anti-inflammatory

Evening Primrose Oenothera biennis Sun/Part Sun The stems, roots and leaves were used by Native Americans as a food. Used for gastro-intestinal disorders.

Ginseng American Panax Quinquefolius grows on shaeded north slopes used as a restoring tonic

Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis Shade/Part Shade Root is an antibiotic so it is used as a general tonic and put on wounds to reduce infection.

Great Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Sun or Shade Root is used for infection

Indian Pink Spigelia marilandica Part Shade Used to expell worms. Can be deadly in larger doses

Jewelweed Impatiens capensis Shade Crushed leaves treat poison ivy

Skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora Part Sun/Part Shade Used for nervous conditions

Northern Maidenhair Fern Adiantum pedatum Shade loosens chest congestion

Pale Indian Plantain Cacalia atriplicifolia Sun/Part Shade

Passion Flower Passiflora incarnata Sun/Part Sun Calms the mind

Plantain Plantago major Fresh leaves make poultice for skin conditions including poison ivy.

Purple Prairie Clover Dalea purpurea Sun/Part Sun Tea from leaves is used as a heart remedy.

Sassafras Sassafras albidum The root bark is gathered in spring and used as a beverage. It is banned by FDA for internal use.

Shrubby St. John's Wort Hypericum prolificum Sun/Part Shade Used to lower depression

Spicebush tea as a general tonic


Joe Pye Weed Eupatorium purpureum Part Sun/Shade Diuretic used to treat urinary infections

Thimbleweed Anemone virginiana Sun or Shade Used for lung conditions

Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa Sun/Part Shade Leaves used to make a tea for headaches.

Wild Ginger Asarum canadense Shade/Part Shade Tastes like commercial ginger and can be used as a substitute in cooking. Good for nausea and stomach conditions

Wild Licorice Glycyrrhiza lepidota Sun/Part Sun Root is used for a food and as a medicine for toothache and sore throats.

Woodland Phlox Phlox divaricata Shade/Part Shade Tea from entire plant used for stoch disoreders

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