Plant Success Mycorrhizae Soil Amendment (12 species)
This box of 4 ounces of mycorrhizae fungus includes 12 species of mycorrhizae in a gel. The whole box mixed in a gallon of water will treat 10 to 250 plants depending upon the size of the root mass.
What Are Mycorrhizal Fungi?
"Mycor"-"rhiza" literally means fungus root and defines the mutually beneficial relationship between the plant root and the fungus. These specialized fungi colonize plant roots and extend far into the soil resource. Mycorrhizal fungal filaments in the soil are extensions of root systems and more effective in nutrient and water absorption than the roots themselves.
What Plants Form Specialized Roots With Mycorrhizal Fungi?
Over 90% of the world’s plant species form mycorrhizae and require the association for maximum performance in non-artificial conditions.
How Do Mycorrhizal Fungi Increase Nutrient Uptake?
These fungi increase the surface absorbing area of root 10 to 100x thereby greatly improving the ability of the plants to utilize the soil. Several miles of fungal filaments can be present in less than a thimbleful of soil. Mycorrhizal fungi increase nutrient uptake by increasing the surface absorbing area of roots, and by releasing powerful chemicals into the soil that dissolve hard to capture nutrients such as phosphorous, iron and other "tightly bound" soil nutrients. This extraction process is particularly important in plant nutrition and explains why non-mycorrhizal plants require high levels of fertilizers to maintain their health. Mycorrhizal fungi form an intricate web that captures and assimilates nutrients. In non-mycorrhizal conditions much of this fertility is wasted or lost from the system.
What Other Activities Do Mycorrhizal Fungi Do?
Mycorrhizal fungi are involved with a wide variety of other activities that benefit plant establishment and growth. The same extensive network of fungal filaments is important in water uptake and storage. In non-irrigated conditions, mycorrhizal plants are under far less drought stress compared to non-mycorrhizal plants.
Mycorrhizal fungi also improves the soil structure. Mycorrhizal filaments produce humic compounds and organic "glues" (extracellular polysaccharides) that bind soils into aggregates and improves soil porosity. Soil porosity and soil structure positively influence the growth of plants by promoting aeration, water movement into soil, root growth, and distribution. In sandy or compacted soils the ability of mycorrhizal fungi to promote the improvement of soil structure is as important as seeking out nutrients.
Don’t Soils Already Contain Mycorrhizal Fungi?
Undisturbed soils are full of beneficiary soil organisms including mycorrhizal fungi. Research indicates however, many common practices can degrade the mycorrhizal forming potential of soil. Tillage, fertilization, removal of topsoil, erosion, site preparation, road and home construction fumigation, invasion of non-native plants, and leaving soil bare are some of the activities that can reduce or eliminate these beneficial soil fungi. Reintroducing mycorrhizal fungi in areas where they have been depleted can dramatically improve plant establishment and growth.
Many routine nursery practices such as fumigation and high levels of water and nutrients produce non-mycorrhizal plants that can grow well in artificial growing media, however they are poorly adapted to the garden environment.
Mycorrhizal application is easy and requires no special equipment. PLANT SUCCESS can be sprinkled onto roots during transplanting, worked into seed beds, blended into potting soil, or applied as a root dip gel. Typically, the cost is pennies per plant.
Can Plant Success M- products be used with fertilizers?
Yes, when using Plant Success Mychorrhizal products it is recomended that you reduce fertilizer application by 25%.